Hero and politician of the Greek War of Independence


From Euboea, Nikolaos Kriezotis (1785 – 1853) was a revolutionary and fighter during the Greek Revolution of 1821 and later a politician.

Son of a shepherd, he became one himself, then found work in Kotyaeion in Asia Minor.

While there, before the outbreak of the Revolution of 1821, he was in prison, having become involved in a quarrel and killing a Turk.

At the start of the Revolution, Nikolaos Kriezotis escapes from prison and returns home to Euboea, where he forms his own force for the Revolution.

Ally of Georgios Karaiskakis, Kriezotis participated in the siege of the Acropolis in 1821-22, one of the first battles of the Revolution. It was a decisive Greek victory and the Turks ceded the Acropolis.

Kriezotis fought in many battles throughout Attica and Sterea Ellada, until the Battle of Petra in 1829, the final battle of the Greek War of Independence.

Nikolaos Kriezotis, along with other veterans of the Greek Revolution, led another revolution in September 1843, to overthrow the foreign and autocratic regime of Otto and the other Bavarian officials who ran the government.

They demanded a new constitution.

After the Greek victory and the exile of Otto and the Bavarians, Kriezotis was elected deputy of Euboea in the first elections.

After his death in Smyrna in 1853 and buried in the church of Agia Fotini (which would later be destroyed by the Turks in 1922), ten years later in 1863, his bones were recovered and brought to Euboea, where is now a bust of him in the town of Chalkida.

READ MORE: November 12, 1517: Italian-Greek scholar Antonio de Ferraris dies.

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